Green – economical driving (eco driving)
92% of supply in the transport sector concerns the supply of fuel. More than 60% of global fuel consumption concerns transport.
Fuel economy is a function of the interaction between the vehicle (cubic capacity, technology), the road (pavement quality) and the driver (driving behavior).
You can read some useful tips below for economic, as well as ecological driving and integrate them into your driving habits:
Fuel economy does not necessarily mean driving at low speeds. A key tenet of Physics is that minimizing changes in kinetic energy reduces its consumption. Therefore, the more smoothly you change speed – whether to accelerate or slow down – the greater the fuel economy you achieve.
Never press the accelerator or the brake down to the floor except in an emergency. Especially when you are on 1st or 2nd gear, violent acceleration can prove detrimental in terms of fuel consumption and emissions.
Shift gears from lower to higher after the engine has reached 2000-2500 revs so as to always drive with the highest possible final-drive ratio (gear).
Maintenance is an important factor. A poorly maintained vehicle, other than dangerous, is also energy-intensive. The engine must be configured correctly, the exhaust gases must be within the specified limits and the tires must be properly inflated.
Avoid unnecessary loads, as well as roof racks, cargo carriers or anything else that affects the vehicle’s aerodynamics.
Air conditioning is another factor that increases fuel consumption. It should be used only when necessary and be adjusted to a temperature of 23 degrees Celsius or over. Furthermore, before turning it on, open the windows for a while so that the temperature in the interior of the car drops.
If you have a four-wheel drive vehicle which offers the option of two-wheel drive, you must choose the latter.
If your vehicle has a trip computer (cruise control, etc) you may utilize it to your advantage.
There are multiple benefits if you follow these suggestions concerning driving behavior, including:
- up to 25% reduction in fuel consumption, which saves money
- reduced emissions of gaseous pollutants, which are harmful to the environment
- reduction in noise pollution
- reduced car maintenance costs
In addition, you improve your road safety, since these preventive measures reduce accidents by 10-25%!